Dawno, dawno temu…

Diepeldesdorff, Dippelsdorff, Dippolsdorff, Dippelsdorf, Diepoldsdorf, Dippelsdorf, Klasztorna Wieś, a w końcu Przeździedza. Oto, jak na przełomie niemal ośmiu wieków zmieniały się nazwy niewielkiej wsi położonej u podnóża dwóch gór – Góry Folwarcznej (347 m n.p.m.) oraz Grodziny (372 m n.p.m.). Niegdyś wieś prężnie działająca, z okazałym dworem, własną szkołą, browarem, dwoma gorzelniami, młynem wodnym, garbarnią, a nawet z trzema gospodami. Tak, tak – w naszej Przeździedzy niegdyś zajść można było do gospody. Nic dziwnego, w porównaniu z 84 mieszkańcami, którzy obecnie mogą poszczycić się mianem Przeździedzan, w 1840 roku rodowitych mieszkańców ówczesnego Dippelsdorf było 4 krotnie więcej, bo aż 357. Było więc komu do owych gospód zachodzić. Któż jednak te dawne czasy pamięta…

Beginnig
But noone can tell when exactly Przeździedza came into being. However the first mention about the village appeared in 1371year. But it it isn’t obvious what was its earlier history. Some authors suppose those areas could belong to Liebenthals from Lubomierz. Jutta, widow after von Liebenthal, in 1278 year funded the monastery of benedictine nuns, which she had remunerated into areas on the right broad of Bóbr, near to Bełczyna and Przeździedza. Perhaps a monastery located the village. Anyway it is possible that the settlement turned up here because of the castellany from Wleń, because according to other studies Benedictine nuns from Lubomierz purchased the village not until 1512 year.

Without distinction of the way how village came into beeing, its geographical position negatively affected its development. Despite everything, people settled here, they had families here, they built houses – the village was slowly expanding. Even a monastic manor farm was made here, in which in XVII in. a manor house was erected. In 1765 year you could find here 4 peasants, 10 crofters, 31 cottagers and 11 craftsmen and only 6 free (!) people.

Golden age
Later history of this place is speeding up a little. In 1805 year village administrator, Bernhard,Scharffenberg gave 200 thalers on the building new school. Five years later a secularization of monastic goods took place and Przeździedza became a member of the foundation subordinated to the camera (in that time cameras were bodies of administrative-tax authorities) which next sold the village. In 1825 owner of Przeździedza was a retired cavalry captain – baron von Reichenbach. Przeździedza looked really impressively in that time. The village had 62 houses, in the centre of the village there was a beautiful manor house, it was also possible to find two manor farms, schools – for people of two differebt creeds and evangelical. Moreover there was also a brewery, watermill, mill for grinding the oaken bark and tannery. And that’s not all – to Przeździedza belonged also Piaskowiec with 7 houses and Skowronek in which the manor farm with the sheepfold.

In 1840 the owner of this wonderful place was still baron a von Reichenbach. At that time in Przeździedza 3 inns were made, and among inhabitants you could meet craftsmen and tradesmen. Anyway the majority of inhabitants made a living by the outwork weaving.

Probably in 1862 the village was bought by Herman Neuning (Reuning). In hands of his descendants Przeździedza satyed to 1945 year. In 1870 you could find here a quarry, well-known from appearing of amethysts and rocks (crystals) there.

Forgotten village
After 1945 a lot of people had been gone from here, so the number of inhabitants fell down for the half. In palace buildings was located PGR (a big farm which belonged to the country). Since then number of inhabitants in Przeździedza was decreasing, and the village plunged into specific hibernation. It has some advantages – the village preserved the primary spatial arrangement and the majority of buildings. Those buildings are characterized by a specyfic structure. A great age of these houses and their unique structure decided that most of them is in a list of vintage buildings. Inhabitants are starting appreciating these advantages and less and less often you can see those house bending down to the earth. Walking on the main road through Przeździedza it is worthwhile to take your attention into houses with black beams and try to move back in the time… And this place is so magic that even without closing your eyes moving back in time is unusually simple – because in this place forgotten by the civilization the time just simply slowed down for us.

Based on : Słownik geografii turystycznej Sudetów t. 7, Wrocław 2001

One Response to Dawno, dawno temu…

  1. I love this village I would love to visit one day :). Poland ios also a very beautifull country

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